13th EUMETSAT User Forum in Africa

September 2018 - Abidjan, Ivory Coast

Country Information

RWANDA country information

(and largest city)

1°56.633′S 30°3.567′E

Official language(s)

Kinyarwanda, French,English


Rwandan, Rwandese




Paul Kagame

     Prime Minister

Anastase Murekezi


from Belgium 


July 1, 1962 



26,338 km2
10,169 sq mi 

Water (%)


Population (2012)                                                                    10,537,222


1,029.9/sq mi

GDP per capita



Rwandan franc (RWF)

Time zone


Summer (DST)

not observed (UTC+2)

Drives on the


ISO 3166 code


Internet TLD


Calling code


CLIMATE and GEography

Rainfall: Rainy seasons: March - May and October - November(Average of 110-200 mm. per month).
Average Temperature: 24.6 - 27.6ºc. Hottest months: August, September.
Altitude: Ranges from 1000-4500m above sea level.
Main water bodies: Lake Kivu, Lake Muhazi, Lake Ihema, Lake Bulera, Lake Ruhondo, Lake Mugesera.
Vegetation: ranges from dense equatorial forest in the north-west of the country to tropical savannah in the east.
Main National Parks/Animal Reserves: Nyungwe, Akagera and Virunga Volcanoes National Parks.
Highest point: Karisimbi volcano (4,507m)
Borders: Uganda to the north, Tanzania to the east, Burundi to the south and Democratic Republic of Congo to the west.

Rwanda is a landlocked country situated in central Africa. Also known as ’the land of a thousand hills’, Rwanda has five volcanoes, twenty-three lakes and numerous rivers, some forming the source of the River Nile. The country lies 75 miles south of the equator in the Tropic of Capricorn, 880 miles ’as the crow flies’ west of the Indian Ocean and 1,250 miles east of the Atlantic Ocean - literally in the heart of Africa. Rwanda is bordered by Uganda to the north, Tanzania to the east, Burundi to the south and the democratic republic of Congo to the west.

Anyone visiting ’the land of a thousand hills’ is in for a multitude of surprises. The loveliness and variety of the landscapes in this ’green country’ is dominated to the north by volcanoes and bordered by Lake Kivu to the west. In Rwanda the great animals of the wild are protected from poachers and roam free in the vast national parks. The Volcanoes National park in the Virunga volcanic mountains with its high altitude forests, are world famous for mountain gorillas - timid and passive family oriented giants - which is teeming with wildlife both large and small, while Lake Kivu to the west offers beautiful beaches, jutting pennisulas and an archipelago of islands.

For more information on Rwanda and its economy, visit: Rwanda Development Board

Currency and Change

The local currency is the Rwandese Franc (RWF). 

Exchange rates:
1 EUR = 842 RWF
100 RWF = 0,11866 EUR

1 USD = 764 RWF
100 RWF = 0,1310 USD

NB: rates are from February 2016.

Please visit e.g. http://www.xe.com/ for the most recent rates, and/or for further examples.

Immunisation and Health

Yellow Fever:

Yellow fever vaccination:

  • To enter this country: A current* vaccination certificate is required for all travellers > 1 year of age.
  • To depart this country: You may be required to show your certificate on departure.
  • For onward travel: Some countries on your itinerary - including your home country - may require you to show a current* yellow fever vaccination certificate in order to gain entry.


Spread By: Insect Bites
Malaria is present year-round in all of Rwanda.
Malaria in this country is resistant to the medication chloroquine.

Preventing Malaria

  • Prevent mosquito bites.
  • Chemoprophylaxis (use a medication to prevent chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum malaria)

Recommended vaccination:
Cholera, Rabies, Hepatitis A and B, Typhoid fever

Mobile phone services

A number of mobile phone operators offer the possibility to buy pre-paid SIM cards which include call time, text messages, data download and internet usage.  Various packages are available.

Emergency numbers:

- 112- Emergency

- 112- Police

- 112- Ambulance

Tourist information:

Rwanda offers various attraction. For more information, please visit: http://www.rwandatourism.com/